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Citations & Sources
A full citation usually looks like this. With this information, it is easy to locate the full-text in one of the library's databases or in print.
Roe, E. (2011). Surprising Answers to Rising Sea Levels, Storms, Floods, Desertification, Earthquakes and Ever More Environmental Crises in California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta. Journal Of Contingencies & Crisis Management, 19 (1), 34-42.
There are many types of primary sources in the library. The term "primary source" can be used in various ways depending on the discipline. Generally, first-hand accounts are considered primary sources, and materials created at a later time which analyze an event are considered secondary sources.
The right strategy for using primary sources often depends on the topic.
Here is the Meriam Library guide for Citing Sources in APA* style. Use the tabs to view examples for articles from print journals and databases, books, Internet sources, and more.
*American Psychological Association
Here is the style manual used by the American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS).
The library's Citing Sources guide contains links to other special citations styles used within disciplines.
A "citation" is the information used to trace a book, article, or web page from a referral back to the original published source. A citation is also a means of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works when those ideas support or influence your research. Citations are found in the bibliographies of articles and books, in databases, and often in online sources that are dependent on research.
A bibliography is an organized list of sources (journal articles, books, government documents, websites, etc.) on a specific subject area. Citations in this organized list include the bibliographic information of each source, such as the author, title, and publication information.
An annotation is a note, explanation, or commentary added to a text, image, or other data.
OneSearch is a good starting point for your academic research. Begin your search using keywords. Once you see the results list, on the left-hand "Refine My Results" panel, select the "Peer-reviewed Journals" option located "Availability."
The CRAAP Test
When you search for information, you're going to find lots of it... but is it good information?
You will have to determine that for yourself, and the CRAAP Test can help.
The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need.